The significant psychologic stress of a driver in many respects is caused by the understanding that the car itself is a means of increased danger. Therefore, the driver constantly feels a sense of high responsibility for the lives of passengers, the safety of goods, the car, as well as for their own safety. In this case, negative emotions often prevail: fear, anxiety, doubt, the constant expectation of accident situations and uncertainty about their successful outcome. Every driver has such feelings, however, an experienced driver, possessing high stability to nervous overstrains, has a much lower level of nervous tension than an emotionally unstable beginner. Excessive or longstanding nervous tension leads to the depravation of processes such as perception, attention, thinking, memory; there is also an increase in the reaction time and the lack of coordination of muscle movements.
At the very first stage of acquiring the driving skills, the biggest psychological problem is that a trainee of a driving school is constantly under stress from the first day of training to the last day of the exam.
And if at the time of classroom training the trainees feel more or less calm, then going to the city after two or three lessons on the training ground becomes a real stress for many of them. The need for concerted acts by several mechanisms all at once - the steering wheel, the gear lever, the turn indicator, the clutch, the brake and the gas pedals, keeping track of a rapidly changing traffic situation, traffic lights, traffic signs and markings, cars of other road users, the readings on the dash panel - all this becomes a severe test for the beginner's state of mind. And until a trainee develops sufficient degree of automatic performance, until he or she begins to feel the car sizes, the trainee will not learn to more or less confidently merge and make other maneuvers - each driving will remain stressful situation for him/her.
1. Autoregulation of breathing.
In normal life, no one thinks about breathing and does not recall. But when there are abnormalities for some reason, suddenly it becomes difficult to breathe. A person can consciously control breathing, can use it to calm, to relieve tension - both muscular and mental. Thus, autoregulation of breathing can be an efficient mean of combating stress, along with relaxation and concentration. Anti-stress breathing exercises can be performed in any position.
2. Anti-stress breathing.
Slowly take a deep breath through your nose; at the height of the inhale, hold your breath for a moment, then exhale as slowly as possible. This is a relaxing breathing. Try to imagine that with each deep breath and prolonged exhale you partially get rid of stress.
3. Momentary relaxation.
Relax the corners of your mouth, moisten your lips. Relax your shoulders. Focus on the expression of your face and body position: remember that they reflect your emotions, thoughts and internal state. It is only natural that you do not want others to know about your stressful condition. In this case, you can change the "language of the face and body" by relaxing the muscles and deep breathing.