From year to year, from season to season, car owners are faced with the problem of choosing tires. With each change of tires, each driver seeks to choose the best option for his or her car from the huge number of manufacturers and models. When exploring the assortment of tires, eyes are always fixed on the tread pattern of tire you like, and this is important.
Now let's look at the main types of tread patterns that are more common, and also, try to figure out their advantages and disadvantages.
Pattern designs of the tread layer are divided into three common categories:
The symmetrical tread pattern of tires is relating to the most common and preferable types among owners of small, low-powered cars with a calm driving style. Also, the price of such tires is really attractive, it is lower in comparison with asymmetric and directional tires.
The specific character of such a pattern design is that the tire does not have any rules of mounting to the disk. That is, the tire can be mounted to the disk without adhering to certain rules, the assembled wheel can be mounted to both the right and left sides, in contrast to the directional patterns. Therefore, it is better to have a spare tire with this pattern design in the car. This type of tread pattern is suitable both for driving on the asphalt pavement and for driving on the dirt road pavement. The noise level of such tires, as a rule, is not too high.
Asymmetrical tread pattern combines the characteristics of two tires, one part of the tread pattern design has water-draining grooves, and the second part is the same as in the symmetrical tire. Also, such tires have longitudinal, wide drainages for water.
Asymmetrical tires are far superior in performance to symmetrical tires, but the cost of such tires is much higher. They have the rules of mounting to the disk, the internal and external side. To simplify their mounting, manufacturers mark the sides. Such tires have excellent characteristics both on wet surfaces and on dry ones. Excellent performance in emergency braking and the passage of sharp turns.
This type of pattern has a low noise level. The tires are preferred by fans of comfortable driving and long distance trips.
The directional tread pattern reduces the likelihood of the hydroplaning occurrence. Tires, due to the design of the pattern, push water from the contact area pattern to both sides, which improves the grip and makes it possible for the car owner to drive at higher speeds with greater confidence.
One drawback of such tires is an increased level of noise when driving at high speeds and poor versatility. If there is a need to rotate the wheel from left to right, or the opposite way, the tire must be turned against the disk, which is not always possible, if there is no tire service nearby. For this reason, it is better to be equipped with a symmetrical wheel.
Fans of extreme driving often choose tires with a directional tread pattern.
Whichever tire tread pattern you choose, remember that driving safety is in a first place.